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Overview of Major
The Motorola Netopia® Gateway offers simplified setup and management features as well
as advanced broadband Gateway capabilities. The following are some of the main features
of the Motorola Netopia® Gateway:
ide Ar
ea Network T
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The Gateway combines an ADSL modem with an Internet Gateway. It translates proto-
cols used on the Internet to protocols used by home personal computers and elimi-
nates the need for special desktop software (i.e. PPPoE).
ed Local Ar
ea Network Setup
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Built-in DHCP and DNS proxy features minimize or eliminate the need to program any
network configuration into your home personal computer. UPnP™ feature allows ease of
connection with many compatible networked devices.
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A Web server built into the Motorola Netopia® Operating System makes setup and
maintenance easy using standard browsers. Diagnostic tools facilitate troubleshooting.
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Network Address Translation (NAT), password protection, Stateful Inspection firewall
and other built-in security features prevent unauthorized remote access to your network.
NAT Games and other services, default server, and other features permit access to
computers on your home network that you can specify. VPN technology (standard VPN
Passthrough and optional IPSec tunnelling) enables telecommuters, mobile workforce
and branch offices to safely and affordably connect to a remote business network, for
effective communication and collaboration.
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Wide Area Network Termination
PPPoE/PPPoA (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet/ATM)
The PPPoE specification, incorporating the PPP and Ethernet standards, allows your com-
puter(s) to connect to your Service Provider’s network through your Ethernet WAN connec-
tion. The 2200 and 3300-series Gateway supports PPPoE, eliminating the need to install
PPPoE client software on any LAN computers.
Service Providers may require the use of PPP authentication protocols such as Challenge
Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) or Password Authentication Protocol (PAP).
CHAP and PAP use a username and password pair to authenticate users with a PPP server.
A CHAP authentication process works as follows:
The password is used to scramble a challenge string.
The password is a shared secret, known by both peers.
The unit sends the scrambled challenge back to the peer.
PAP, a less robust method of authentication, sends a username and password to a PPP
server to be authenticated. PAP’s username and password pair are not encrypted, and are
therefore sent “unscrambled”.
Instant-On PPP
You can configure your Gateway for one of two types of Internet connections:
Always On
Instant On
These selections provide either an uninterrupted Internet connection or an as-needed con-
While an Always On connection is convenient, it does leave your network permanently con-
nected to the Internet, and therefore potentially vulnerable to attacks.
Motorola Netopia®'s Instant On technology furnishes almost all the benefits of an Always-
On connection while providing two additional security benefits:
Your network cannot be attacked when it is not connected.
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Wide Area Network Termination
Your network may change address with each connection making it more difficult to
When you configure Instant On access, you can also configure an idle time-out value. Your
Gateway monitors traffic over the Internet link and when there has been no traffic for the
configured number of seconds, it disconnects the link.
When new traffic that is destined for the Internet arrives at the Gateway, the Gateway will
instantly re-establish the link.
Your service provider may be using a system that assigns the Internet address of your
Gateway out of a pool of many possible Internet addresses. The address assigned varies
with each connection attempt, which makes your network a moving target for any attacker.
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Simplified Local Area Network Setup
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) Server
DHCP Server functionality enables the Gateway to assign to your LAN computer(s) a “pri-
vate” IP address and other parameters that allow network communication. The default
DHCP Server configuration of the Gateway supports up to 253 LAN IP addresses.
This feature simplifies network administration because the Gateway maintains a list of IP
address assignments. Additional computers can be added to your LAN without the hassle
of configuring an IP address.
DNS Proxy
Domain Name System (DNS) provides end users with the ability to look for devices or web
sites by typing their names, rather than IP addresses. For web surfers, this technology
allows you to enter the URL (Universal Resource Locator) as text to surf to a desired web-
The Motorola Netopia® DNS Proxy feature allows the LAN-side IP address of the Gateway
to be used for proxying DNS requests from hosts on the LAN to the DNS Servers config-
ured in the gateway. This is accomplished by having the Gateway's LAN address handed
out as the “DNS Server” to the DHCP clients on the LAN.
The Motorola Netopia® DNS Proxy only proxies UDP DNS queries, not TCP
DNS queries.
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Simplified Local Area Network Setup
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP™) is a set of protocols that allows a PC to automatically dis-
cover other UPnP devices (anything from an internet gateway device to a light switch),
retrieve an XML description of the device and its services, control the device, and sub-
scribe to real-time event notification. PCs using UPnP can retrieve the Gateway’s WAN IP
address, and automatically create NAT port maps. This means that applications that sup-
port UPnP, and are used with a UPnP-enabled Motorola Netopia® Gateway, will not need
application layer gateway support on the Motorola Netopia® Gateway to work through NAT.
By default, UPnP is enabled on the Motorola Netopia® Gateway.


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